International Journal of Yoga
Users online: 128 
Ahead of print | Login 
Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size 
About us Editors Current Issue Past Issues Instructions submission Subscribe Advertise

SHORT COMMUNICATION Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 70-73
Barriers to yoga therapy as an add-on treatment for schizophrenia in India

1 Former Senior Research Fellow (SRF), AYUSH-Yoga Project, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS), New Delhi, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
5 Vice-chancellor, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samasthana (SVYASA), Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Aarti Jagannathan
House No: 10, 'JAGRATI', 5th Cross, M.R Gardens, Vishwanatha Naganahalli, R.T. Nagar Post, Bangalore 560 032
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.91718

Rights and Permissions

Aim: To describe the possible barriers to yoga therapy for patients with schizophrenia in India. Materials and Methods: In a randomized control trial at NIMHANS, patients with schizophrenia (on stable doses of antipsychotics, 18-60 years of age, with a Clinical Global Impression-Severity score of 3 or more) were randomized into one of three limbs: Yoga therapy, physical exercise and waitlist. Of 857 patients screened, 392 (45.7%) patients were found eligible for the study. Among them, 223 (56.8%) declined to take part in the trial. The primary reasons for declining were analyzed. Results: The primary reasons for declining were (a) distance from the center (n=83; 37.2%); (b) no one to accompany them for training (n=25; 11.2%); (c) busy work schedule (n=21, 9.4%); (d) unwilling to come for one month (n=11; 4.9%), (e) not willing for yoga therapy (n=9, 4.0%); (f) personal reasons (n=3, 1.3%); (g) religious reasons (n=1, 0.4%). In 70 patients (31.6%), no reasons were ascribed. No patient refused citing research nature of the intervention as a reason. Conclusion: More than half of the patients eligible for yoga did not consent to the study. Logistic factors, such as the need for daily training under supervision in a specialized center for long periods, are the most important barriers that prevent patients with schizophrenia from receiving yoga therapy. Alternative models/schedules that are patient-friendly must be explored to reach the benefit of yoga to patients with schizophrenia.

Print this article  Email this article

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded177    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 6    

Recommend this journal