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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 134
Yoga therapy and schizophrenia

1 Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Hainan Medical University, China, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Serbia, Joseph Ayobabalola University, Nigeria

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Date of Web Publication14-Jun-2013

How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit S, Wiwanitkit V. Yoga therapy and schizophrenia. Int J Yoga 2013;6:134

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit S, Wiwanitkit V. Yoga therapy and schizophrenia. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2013 [cited 2023 Mar 23];6:134. Available from:

The report on yoga therapy and schizophrenia is very interesting. [1] Indeed, yoga is mentioned for its usefulness in management of several mental disorders including, schizophrenia. A previous report by Varambally et al. is a good scientific evidence to support the usefulness of yoga therapy for schizophrenia. [2] In that report, add-on yogasana intervention in stabilized out-patient schizophrenia is proved for effectiveness. [2] However, since the intervention is on the stable cases, the implication of add-on intervention is limited. Bangalore and Varambally mentioned for the possible roles of hormonal adjustment. [1] The increased oxytocin level is noted. [1] Indeed, the exact mechanism of yoga to manage schizophrenia is still unknown, however, it might not relate to the hormone system. Focusing on oxytocin, its receptor gene polymorphism, not itself, is reported for clinical correlation to schizophrenia. [3] In fact, there is a hypothesis on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis defect, however, there is no evidence on the exact structural disorder. [4] It is still not success, to map the specific brain area that is corresponding to pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Furthermore, the effectiveness of yoga on schizophrenia also depends on group of patients. [5] In the study by Bhatia et al., males get more usefulness of yoga than females. [5] Although, it is still controversial, the possible mechanism of yoga in management of schizophrenia should be physical rehabilitation of physical impairment of the patients. [6]

   References Top

1.Bangalore NG, Varambally S. Yoga therapy for Schizophrenia. Int J Yoga 2012;5:85-91.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Varambally S, Gangadhar BN, Thirthalli J, Jagannathan A, Kumar S, Venkatasubramanian G, et al. Therapeutic efficacy of add-on yogasana intervention in stabilized outpatient schizophrenia: Randomized controlled comparison with exercise and waitlist. Indian J Psychiatry 2012;54:227-32.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
3.Montag C, Brockmann EM, Lehmann A, Müller DJ, Rujescu D, Gallinat J. Association between Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms and Self-Rated 'Empathic Concern' in Schizophrenia. PLoS One 2012;7:e51882.  Back to cited text no. 3
4.Tognin S, Rambaldelli G, Perlini C, Bellani M, Marinelli V, Zoccatelli G, et al. Enlarged hypothalamic volumes in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res 2012;204:75-81.  Back to cited text no. 4
5.Bhatia T, Agarwal A, Shah G, Wood J, Richard J, Gur RE, et al. Adjunctive cognitive remediation for schizophrenia using yoga: An open, non-randomized trial. Acta Neuropsychiatr 2012;24:91-100.  Back to cited text no. 5
6.Vancampfort D, Probst M, Helvik Skjaerven L, Catalán-Matamoros D, Lundvik-Gyllensten A, Gómez-Conesa A, et al. Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia. Phys Ther 2012;92:11-23.  Back to cited text no. 6

Correspondence Address:
Somsri Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.113419

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1 Protocol to evaluate the impact of yoga supplementation on cognitive function in schizophrenia: a randomised controlled trial
Triptish Bhatia,Sati Mazumdar,Nagendra Narayan Mishra,Raquel E. Gur,Ruben C. Gur,Vishwajit Laxmikant Nimgaonkar,Smita Neelkanth Deshpande
Acta Neuropsychiatrica. 2014; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


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