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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-59
Community-based yoga for women undergoing substance use disorder treatment: A descriptive study

1 School of Health Sciences, DPT Program, Stockton University, Galloway; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
2 School of Health Sciences, DPT Program, Stockton University, Galloway, PA, USA
3 The Leadership Studio, Atlantic City, NJ, USA
4 Bacharach Institute for Rehabilitation, Pomona, NJ, USA

Correspondence Address:
Jennifer C Brooks
Bacharach Institute for Rehabilitation, 61 W Jimmie Leeds Road, Pomona, NJ 08240
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_103_20

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Background: Women with substance use disorders (SUD) receive medication-assisted treatment (MAT) with behavioral interventions and counseling for recovery. Evidence supports the use of yoga for SUD; however few studies specifically feature women. Objectives: Community-based yoga may add to health promotion through preferable physical activity for women in recovery. The aims of this study are to explore demographics and quantitative measures relevant to recovery and capture and understand the subjective experience of one session of yoga. Study Design: The study design involves Descriptive/Cross-sectional. Methodology: Women in an inpatient SUD center attending weekly optional off-site yoga for recovery were recruited to capture first-time attendance. Survey data included Medical Outcomes Survey 12-item short-form (SF-12), Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS), and Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), demographics, and narrative reflections. Recruitment opportunities occurred weekly during ongoing hour-long classes. Results: Twenty-nine women (average age 36.6) with primarily opiate-based addictions completed surveys. SF-12 was below the normative value of 50 for both subscales. BRS scores showed averages on the low end of normal resiliency. The frequency of responses to writing prompts confirmed physical and mental well-being through yoga intervention. Women shared potential relapse prevention specifically attributed to the mindfulness component of the intervention. Conclusion: The SF-12, BRS, and TMS are brief, valid, and reliable and can be easily incorporated in clinical practice or future research. Suboptimal SF-12 scores were found in women with SUD and, therefore important to note in the context of recovery to optimize treatment. Subjective reports from the participants find community-based yoga an enjoyable and beneficial type of physical activity. Yoga may be a viable option for comprehensive mind-body intervention for this population.

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