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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-145
Effect of nasal dominance on pulmonary function test and heart rate: A pilot study

1 Department of Physiology, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Deoghar, Jharkhand, India
3 Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Swati Mittal
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Panchayat Training Institute, Daburgram, Deoghar, Jharkhand- 814142
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_115_20

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Background: The nasal cycle is one of the many cyclic events in a human being. Nasal airflow is greater in one nostril at any given point in time and this alternates between right and left nostrils over time. Its periodicity ranges from 25 min to 8 h. This alteration has been known to be controlled by the autonomic nervous system. The current study was designed to assess the effect of nasal dominance during rest on pulmonary function parameters and heart rate. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on 35 apparently healthy individuals of the age group of 18–30 years. Based on a cold mirror test, the participants were categorized into two groups of right nasal dominance (RND) and left nasal dominance (LND). The parameters recorded were forced expiratory volume in the first sec (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, peak expiratory flow rate, forced expiratory flow between 25%-75%, SpO2, and pulse rate. Data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation and were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: All pulmonary function parameters exhibited higher values in RND participants compared to LND participants and the difference was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Nasal dominance has a measurable effect on pulmonary functions and heart rate hence emphasizing the role of autonomic control of airways. This influence can be used as adjuvant therapy for certain disorders.

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