International Journal of Yoga
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PERSPECTIVE ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 70-75
East meets west in therapeutic approaches to the management of chronic pain

1 Michael G. DeGroote Pain Clinic, McMaster University Medical Centre Hamilton Health Sciences; Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Pain Research and Care; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences; Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behavior (PNB)- McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
2 Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Eleni G Hapidou
Michael G. DeGroote Pain Clinic, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.ijoy_104_21

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Yoga as a holistic principle, not only practice of asanas or poses, integrates all aspects of the self, with biological, mental, intellectual, and spiritual elements. Yoga encompasses the biopsychosocial medical perspective, which regards pain as a dynamic interaction between physiological, psychological, and social factors. The purpose of this perspective article is to compare and contrast psychological practices such as mindfulness meditation, relaxation response (RR), and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with Yoga in their management of chronic pain. The use of these practices is explored through history, literature, and research studies. Results from scientific studies on Yoga show changes in health-related pain outcomes for patients with chronic pain. The key aspects of Yoga, notably relaxation, positive thinking, and mindfulness, are discussed in relation to mindfulness meditation, RR, and CBT.

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