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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 215-221
The role of integrated approach to yoga therapy-based yoga module in improving cardiovascular functions and lipid profile in hypertensive patients: A randomized controlled trial

1 Department of Yoga Therapeutics, SDMCNYS, Ujire, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Yoga and Naturopathy, SDMCNYS, Ujire, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shivaprasad Shetty
Department of Yoga Therapeutics, SDMCNYS, Belthangady Taluk, Ujire - 574 240, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.ijoy_107_22

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Background: Hypertension is a growing public health problem and its optimal management is imperative. Integration of lifestyle modification and yoga with antihypertensive drugs leads to its successful management. Yoga has been shown to modulate blood pressure (BP) and lipid metabolism in individuals with hypertension. The current study is a preliminary effort to ascertain the underlying mechanisms behind it. Materials and Methods: Hundred patients were screened, among which 65 who met the inclusion criteria were recruited. After baseline assessments, they were randomly allocated (1:1) to an intervention group (IG) who practiced integrated approach to yoga therapy (IAYT)-based yoga module for 6 days a week, for 3 months and a control group (CG) who received no intervention. BP, heart rate variability, and lipid profile were assessed before and after the intervention. Data acquired from 60 cases were analyzed by post-hoc analysis for multiple comparisons between the mean values. Results: At the end of 3 months, within-group comparison showed significant changes (P < 0.05) in IG in all variables except triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and very low-density lipoprotein (LDL) while similar changes were not present in the control group. Significant differences were seen between the groups in the TC (P = 0.005), HDL (P = 0.047), non-HDL (P = 0.013), LDL (P < 0.001), LDL/HDL Ratio (P = 0.031), CHOL/HDL Ratio (P = 0.043), DBP (P < 0.001), SBP (P < 0.001), and all indices of HRV (P < 0.001). Conclusion: These findings suggest that IAYT-based yoga module was effective in improving cardiovascular performance and lipid metabolism, thereby mitigating coronary artery disease risk.

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