International Journal of Yoga

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33--38

The importance of spirituality in supportive care


Giuseppina Messina1, Stefania Anania2, Claudia Bonomo2, Laura Veneroni2, Antonietta Andreoli2, Francesca Mameli2, Chiara Ortolina2, Paola De Fabritiis2, Maria Gaffuri2, Francesco Imbesi2, Egidio Moja2 
1 Psychological Service, Foundation IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
2 School of Medical Psychology, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Giuseppina Messina
Psychological Service-Padiglione Guardia II, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico-20122 Milan, Via Francesco Sforza, 35
Italy

Background: It has been shown that the pineal gland plays a fundamental role in mediating either the spiritual perception or the anticancer immunity by stimulating the endogenous production of anticancer cytokine interleukin (IL)-2. Objective: The present study was performed to evaluate the impact of a spiritual approach consisting of Kriya Yoga program alone or in association with melatonin (MLT) or low-dose IL-2 plus MLT on the survival time in a group of metastatic cancer patients with life expectancy less than 1 year. Materials and Methods: A case-control study was carried out in 240 patients (M/F: 146/94; median age: 62 years, range: 34-71, suffering from non-small-cell lung cancer or gastrointestinal tumors) who were subdivided into 6 groups of 40 patients, treated with supportive care alone as a control group, supportive care plus Yoga, MLT alone, MLT plus Yoga, inteleukin-2 plus MLT, or IL-2 plus MLT plus Yoga. Results: The best results in terms of increased survival time were obtained by the association between neuroimmunotherapy with MLT plus IL-2 and Yoga program (2 years), which was significantly longer with respect to that achieved by supportive care alone, Yoga alone, or IL-2 plus MLT alone (1 year). Conclusions: This study would suggest that a spiritual therapeutic approach may improve the survival time of untreatable metastatic solid tumor patients.


How to cite this article:
Messina G, Anania S, Bonomo C, Veneroni L, Andreoli A, Mameli F, Ortolina C, De Fabritiis P, Gaffuri M, Imbesi F, Moja E. The importance of spirituality in supportive care.Int J Yoga 2011;4:33-38


How to cite this URL:
Messina G, Anania S, Bonomo C, Veneroni L, Andreoli A, Mameli F, Ortolina C, De Fabritiis P, Gaffuri M, Imbesi F, Moja E. The importance of spirituality in supportive care. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2011 [cited 2022 May 17 ];4:33-38
Available from: https://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2011;volume=4;issue=1;spage=33;epage=38;aulast=Messina;type=0