International Journal of Yoga

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27--34

Impact of 10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes


M Jay Polsgrove1, Brandon M Eggleston2, Roch J Lockyer3 
1 Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Athletics, North-Eastern Illinois University, Chicago, IL 60625, USA
2 Department of Community Health, National University, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
3 Sangam Yoga International, North American Office, Eugene, OR 97404, USA

Correspondence Address:
M Jay Polsgrove
5500 N. St. Louis Ave., Chicago, IL 60625
USA

Background: With clearer evidence of its benefits, coaches, and athletes may better see that yoga has a role in optimizing performance. Aims: To determine the impact of yoga on male college athletes (N = 26). Methods: Over a 10-week period, a yoga group (YG) of athletes (n = 14) took part in biweekly yoga sessions; while a nonyoga group (NYG) of athletes (n = 12) took part in no additional yoga activity. Performance measures were obtained immediately before and after this period. Measurements of flexibility and balance, included: Sit-reach (SR), shoulder flexibility (SF), and stork stand (SS); dynamic measurements consisted of joint angles (JA) measured during the performance of three distinct yoga positions (downward dog [DD]; right foot lunge [RFL]; chair [C]). Results: Significant gains were observed in the YG for flexibility (SR, P = 0.01; SF, P = 0.03), and balance (SS, P = 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the NYG for flexibility and balance. Significantly, greater JA were observed in the YG for: RFL (dorsiflexion, l-ankle; P = 0.04), DD (extension, r-knee, P = 0.04; r-hip; P = 0.01; flexion, r-shoulder; P = 0.01) and C (flexion, r-knee; P = 0.01). Significant JA differences were observed in the NYG for: DD (flexion, r-knee, P = 0.01: r-hip, P = 0.05; r-shoulder, P = 0.03) and C (flexion r-knee, P = 0.01; extension, r-shoulder; P = 0.05). A between group comparison revealed the significant differences for: RFL (l-ankle; P = 0.01), DD (r-knee, P = 0.01; r-hip; P = 0.01), and C (r-shoulder, P = 0.02). Conclusions: Results suggest that a regular yoga practice may increase the flexibility and balance as well as whole body measures of male college athletes and therefore, may enhance athletic performances that require these characteristics.


How to cite this article:
Polsgrove M J, Eggleston BM, Lockyer RJ. Impact of 10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes.Int J Yoga 2016;9:27-34


How to cite this URL:
Polsgrove M J, Eggleston BM, Lockyer RJ. Impact of 10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Jan 25 ];9:27-34
Available from: https://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2016;volume=9;issue=1;spage=27;epage=34;aulast=Polsgrove;type=0