International Journal of Yoga

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 175--186

Yoga module development and validation: A systematic review with methodological guidelines


Naresh Katla1, Atmika Ramsahaye2, Arun Thulasi2, Judu Ilavarasu1, Aarti Jagannathan3, Hemant Bhargav4, Shivarama Varambally5, Nanjudaiah Gangadhar6 
1 Division of Yoga and Physical Sciences, S-VYASA, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Division of Yoga and Humanities, S-VYASA, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Integrative Medicine, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
6 National Medical Commission Medical Assessment and Rating Board, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Aarti Jagannathan
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Lakkasandra, Wilson Garden, Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560 029
India

In the past decades, more than fifty different yoga styles have been implemented in the therapeutic context to manage various diseases. Yet, not all of these yoga styles have been validated or standardized as a program. The aim of this article is to review the different methodologies used for yoga module development and to assess their quality. Three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched using the following keywords and Boolean operators: (validation OR development OR design) AND (yoga OR mind-body) AND (module OR protocol OR program). Three thousand six hundred and seventy-one articles were enlisted, and based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 37 articles were narrowed down for review. Since no checklist exists to assess the quality of yoga modules, the authors designed a 23-item checklist to categorize each having low, medium, or high quality. As per the yoga module quality checklist, only 21.6% of the studies had high quality, while 75.3% of the articles had medium quality and 8.11% had low quality. A commonly used development method was literature review, while for validation, experts' scoring of the Likert scale was the preferred means. The feasibility of the module was carried out only by half of the studies. Few diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, Parkinson's disease, and obesity had more than one yoga module developed. The findings of this systematic review have shed some light on the growing need for standardized methods of yoga module development. The 23-item checklist can guide researchers in the homogeneous development strategies when designing yoga interventions in the future.


How to cite this article:
Katla N, Ramsahaye A, Thulasi A, Ilavarasu J, Jagannathan A, Bhargav H, Varambally S, Gangadhar N. Yoga module development and validation: A systematic review with methodological guidelines.Int J Yoga 2022;15:175-186


How to cite this URL:
Katla N, Ramsahaye A, Thulasi A, Ilavarasu J, Jagannathan A, Bhargav H, Varambally S, Gangadhar N. Yoga module development and validation: A systematic review with methodological guidelines. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 1 ];15:175-186
Available from: https://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2022;volume=15;issue=3;spage=175;epage=186;aulast=Katla;type=0